- Science & Tech
Jasmine (Jasminum officinale) produces a sweet perfume from its delicate white flowers, which bloom from spring through fall. The glossy green leaves provide evergreen interest.Although often referred to as a vine, jasmine has a bushy growth that tends to sprawl unless it’s properly pruned. Annual trimming and proper care keeps a jasmine bush in good form and ensures abundant flowering.Here are some ways to care for a jasmine bush plant.
Ways to care for a jasmine bush plant are:
1.Select a well-draining planting location that receives full, all-day sun, although the bush can tolerate some light afternoon shade. Till a 2-inch layer of compost into the top 12 inches of garden soil prior to planting to improve soil fertility.
2.Plant container-grown nursery plants in the bed in early fall. Plant jasmine in a hole the same depth as the nursery pot and space multiple jasmine bushes 8 feet apart.
3.Water jasmine weekly during the spring, summer and early fall when the bush is actively growing. Supply approximately 2 inches of water each week, or enough to keep the top 8 inches of soil moist. Reduce watering in the winter and water only often enough so the soil doesn’t dry completely.
4.Pinch back each stem on a new jasmine immediately after planting. Remove the tip of each stem back to the topmost bud, which encourages branching and bushier growth.
5.Spread a 2-inch layer of mulch around the base of the jasmine bush in the fall to provide insulation, retain moisture and prevent weed growth. Pull the mulch back so it doesn’t rest against the trunk. Replenish the mulch layer in the spring so it remains 2 inches deep.
6.Fertilize jasmine in the spring as new growth begins. Use a balanced fertilizer or a fertilizer formulated for flowering shrubs. Apply the fertilizer at the rate recommended on the package for the size of your jasmine shrub.
7.Prune jasmine annually in late summer or fall after the bush finishes flowering. Cut back overgrown stems to within 1/4 inch of a bud, removing no more than one-third of their length. Prune to maintain the desired size and shape of the bush. Remove dead or damaged branches back to a healthy bud on the branch or to where they emerge from the trunk.
Annual pruning helps keep jasmine upright and bushy. An overgrown jasmine may require a trellis or support to remain upright. You can slowly prune back an overgrown plant to a bushier shape by cutting it back by one-third every year for three years.